Track company information in your investigations
A company is a type of business organization that is typically owned and operated by one or more individuals to earn a profit. Companies are usually established through registration with a particular government entity, depending on the country in which it operates.
Companies can acquire assets, enter into contracts, employ workers, borrow money, and pay taxes. They can also take legal action against other companies and individuals in certain circumstances. In addition to providing goods or services for profit, companies may also engage in charitable activities or pursue certain social objectives. Businesses such as corporations and limited liability companies often have multiple layers of ownership structure, governance rules, and regulations that must be followed to remain compliant with applicable laws. Companies often benefit from economies of scale due to their size and resources. This allows them to produce goods, or services more efficiently than smaller businesses.
The different types of companies
It is an organization that is owned by only one individual and there is no legal distinction between the owner and the organization.
It is an organization owned by two or more persons who have formally agreed to share the responsibilities, profits, and losses.
Other important classifications
Types of companies based on liability:
Companies are further classified as limited liability, unlimited liability, and limited by shares and guarantees. In a limited liability company, members are liable to only the extent of their shares or a guarantee. The shareholders are required to meet the debts only to the limit of their shares or guarantee mentioned in the Memorandum of Association whereas, in an unlimited liability company, even the personal assets can be used to meet the debts.
Types of companies based on the number of members:
One Person Companies have only one sole shareholder. These are different from sole proprietorships as OPC enjoys the benefits of a company. Private companies’ shares range from 2 to 200. Here, the transferability of the shares of its members is limited by the Articles of Association. A public company allows free transferability of shares and has a minimum of 7 members to a maximum of unlimited.
Types of companies based on control:
Companies that share their access and control with other companies fall under this category. They are holding and subsidiary companies, and associate companies.
How are companies investigated?
Internal investigations take place to discover any wrongdoing committed by management, employees, or third parties. Companies are also investigated due to complaints from outside the company.
Investigations involving companies are of the following types:
It is a type of investigation in which an investigator will blend in with the company to discover employee misconduct, theft, substance abuse, and harassment.
It is a type of company investigation in which investigators find out information about acquisitions, joint ventures, equity, and investments of companies they do business with.
These are conducted to investigate embezzlement, money laundering, fraud, and other crimes.
These are done to investigate bribery, illegal foreign exchange, and industrial espionage.